Horticulture Terminology Pdf

Usually caused by late planting and too warm temperatures. Plants that do not die after flowering but live from year to year.

No-dash-here, you've found The Real Garden Helper! When staking a potted plant, the stake should be set into the planter before the plant is added.

Area of horticulture that includes the commercial production and distribution of cut flowers, flowering pot plants, foliage plants and bedding plants. The inner area of the fruit wall. Removal of plant parts such as buds, developed shoots, how to convert chm to pdf free and roots to maintain a desirable form by controlling the direction and amount of growth.

Gardeners consider them the most nutrient dense organic compost available. Leaves with large veins that are essentially parallel to one another and are not connected by lateral veins.

A Slightly Abridged Glossary of Gardening and Plant Terms

The short stem of the flower cluster. Usually turned over into the soil a few weeks before new planting begins.

Usually this is a coarse organic matter, such as leaves, clippings or bark, but plastic sheeting and other commercial products can also be used. Process by which water returns to the air. Buds that are borne laterally on the stem in the axils of the leaves. Reducing pests by utilizing other organisms. Damage to certain horticultural products, such as banana, papaya, cucumber and sweet potato, which results from exposure to cold but above-freezing temperatures.

Gardening Terms (Glossary)

The process of training a tree or shrub so that its branches grow in a flat, exposed pattern by tying, pinching and pruning the branches. Soil pH can be tested with an inexpensive test kit. This moss is also packaged and sold in a fresh state, and used for lining hanging baskets and air layering. Basic units of hereditary material that dictate the characteristics of individuals.

Any loose material placed over the soil to control weeds and conserve soil moisture. In order to produce fruit and viable seeds, both a female and male plant must be present. Irises and some lawn grasses are rhizome plants. The upper part of the union of a graft. Various methods of starting new plants ranging from starting seeds to identical clones created by cuttings or layering.

Three or more leaves at a node. Plant crops that are sensitive to late spring and early fall frost on slopes, preferably south-facing, so that cold air will drain downhill and settle in the low spots below the planted area.

Modified scale-like leaves, usually growing just below a flower or flower cluster. It is also a general term used for a type of gardening using no chemical or synthetic fertilizers or pesticides. It is the final stage in the expansion program and is certified with a metal seal and blue tag. Type of dry fruit in which the fruit wall does not split at any certain point or seam at maturity. Cuttings taken from soft, succulent, new spring growth of deciduous or evergreen species of woody plants.


The main, thick root growing straight down from a plant. This saves on labor and eliminates weeds, which might germinate as a result of tilling. Fern spores develop inside small green capsules on the underside of the fronds, called sporangia. The thickened underground storage organ of the group of perennials which includes daffodils and tulips.

It is then inserted into a growing medium to form roots, thus developing a new plant. The choking of a branch by a wire or other material, most often in the stems of woody plants that have been tied to tightly to a stake or support. Flower lacking one or more of the fours sets of floral parts. The waxy covering on leaves or fruit, which protects the tissue against excess moisture loss.

The roots become entangled and matted together, and the growth of the plant becomes stunted. Green manures are plant cover crops which are tilled into the soil. Frost dates are important to know for your gardening zone or planting area. Click on our no-dig vegetable gardening article and learn how working less makes growing easy and maybe better. Leaves are arranged at one leaf per node on different sides along the stem.

In its place, regular mulches are added and plants are planted through the mulch. New growth then emerges from different points of the rhizome. The joining of two separate structures, such as a root and stem or two stems, so that by tissue regeneration they form a union and grow as one plant Growing season.

Primary root that persists and maintains its dominance. The application of small quantities of water directly to the root zone through various types of delivery systems on a daily basis. Spores are the reproductive cell structure of ferns, fungi and mosses. Horizontal stems that grow underground. Use them to get a jump start in the spring, fend off pests, and extend your fall growing season.

Soil amendments are mostly organic matter or very slow release minerals and are typically worked into the topsoil. The study of growing, marketing, and arranging flowers and foliage plants.

The practices used in treating a soil, which may include various types of tillage and production systems. The ability of a plant to withstand low temperatures or frost, without artificial protection.

Often the result of soil borne diseases and over watering. The top layer of native soil. The chemical or physical treatment given to some seeds to break or weaken the seed coat sufficiently for germination to occur. The method of gardening utilizing only materials derived from living things.

Use care not to over-water. Leaching accounts for nutrient losses but can also be beneficial in ridding a soil of excess salts. The removal of vegetative or flower buds. Intermediate stem piece that is grafted between the upper and lower pars of the graft.

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