Who Standard Acupuncture Point Locations Pdf
The description for acupuncture point locations does not include methods for locating the acupuncture points. Fortunately, through seven informal consultations and four task force team meetings, the experts reached a consensus on many points. However, the experts could only make a tentative decision on the six remaining points.
In the anterior region of the neck, at the same level as the cricoid cartilage, just anterior to the border of the sternocleido- mastoid muscle. An illustrated chinese materia medica - Jing-Nuan Wu.
In the buttock region, at the junction of the lateral one third and medial two thirds of the line connecting the prominence of the greater trochanter with the sacral hiatus. These problems lead to ambiguity in conclusions for any meta-analysis and result from the lack of a common protocol on acupuncture-related studies. Stimulating outside of the parameter potentially has no or much less clinical effect.
In the sacral region, at the sacral hiatus, on the posterior median line. This method is rarely used e. Many people have blindly assumed that acupuncture point location is uniform. In the scapular region, in the depression superior to the medial end of the spine of the scapula. It was a historic moment in the acupuncture community.
An examination of the literature shows that the locations of acupoints and the particular methods of acupuncture stimulation are diverse among individual research reports. In the anterior thoracic region, at the mid- point of the xiphisternal junction, on the anterior median line. In the anterior region of the neck, in the centre of the suprasternal fossa, on the anterior median line. Terms and definitions The following terms and definitions are used in this Standard.
In the anterior thoracic region, at the same level as the third intercostal space, on the anterior median line. Their efforts and the resulting outcomes will further enhance scientific research on acupuncture point locations.
On the medial aspect of the foot, antero- inferior to the medial malleolus, in the depression midway between the tuberosity of the navicular bone and the prominence of the medial malleolus. Movable landmarks refer to the gaps, depressions, wrinkles and peaks which appear along with the movement of joints, muscles, tendons and skin. Each portion is equivalent to one cun, and ten portions equal one chi. The World Health Organization welcomes such applications.
On the posteromedial aspect of the ankle, in the depression between the prominence of the medial malleolus and the calcaneal tendon. This will enhance the reproducibility and validity of acupuncture studies. On the dorsum of the foot, at the joint of the base of the second metatarsal bone and the intermediate cuneiform bone, over the dorsalis pedis artery. On the posteromedial aspect of the elbow, in the depression between the olecranon and the medial epicondyle of the humerus bone.
Thus, there has been a need to standardize acupuncture point acupoint locations so as to form a consensus on research methods. As each Member State has its own initiatives and traditions, in the beginning it seemed almost impossible to establish international standardization. How will the standardization affect the clinical practice of acupuncture? Some regions in the International Anatomical Terminology are too difficult a fit for location of acupuncture points. Acupuncture point location is based on the measurements of various parts of the body from the book Lingshu chapter on Gudu, word mail merge save individual documents pdf combined with the proportional measurements created by later scholars.
WHO Standard Acupuncture Point Locations
On the posterolateral aspect of the ankle, in the depression between the prominence of the lateral malleolus and the calcaneal tendon. To locate an acupuncture point, a combined approach using literature analysis, clinical practice and actual and proportional measurement is used. On the posteromedial aspect of the wrist, in the depression between the base of the fifth metacarpal bone and the triquetrum bone, at the border between the red and white flesh. In the anterior thoracic region, at the same level as the fourth intercostal space, on the anterior median line. On the posterolateral aspect of the knee, just medial to the biceps femoris tendon in the popliteal crease.
The dorsal side of the upper limbs, or the extensional side, is called the lateral aspect. In the perineal region, inferior to the coc- cyx, midway between the tip of the coccyx and the anus. On the fibular aspect of the leg, in the depression anterior and distal to the head of the fibula.
Finger cun F-cun This method is based on the finger cun of the person to be measured for acupuncture point locations. One unit is equal to one cun. On the face, between the eyeball and the infraorbital margin, directly inferior to the pupil. On the index finger, in the depression distal to the radial side of the second metacarpo- phalangeal joint, at the border between the red and white flesh.
On the face, in the depression between the supratragic notch and the condylar process of the mandible. The method is to divide the length between two points of particular joints into equal portions. On the head, posterior to the temple hair- line, anterior to the auricular root, posterior auricular root to the superficial temporal artery. On the shoulder girdle, superior to the posterior axillary fold, in the depression inferior to the spine of the scapula. On the sole of the foot, in the deepest depression of the sole when the toes are flexed.
For example, according to the traditional method, the palmar side of the upper limbs, or the flexional side, is called the medial aspect. In the anterior region of the neck, posterior to the sternocleidomastoid muscle, at the same level as the superior border of the thyroid cartilage. Fingerbreadth F-breadth This method utilizes the width of the distal phalanx of the middle finger. On the dorsum of the foot, between the second and third metatarsal bones, in the depression proximal to the second metatar- sophalangeal joint.
In the lateral thoracic region, in the sixth intercostal space, on the midaxillary line. Points which are on the borderline belong to the upper region.
Standard Acupuncture Point Locations
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